French colonialism in Tunisia did not only alter the political, economic, and social structures of the country. It also changed farming activities, environment, and most importantly, the agricultural structures and policies of the North African country.

Similar to other aspects of colonialism, agricultural colonialism endures. Indeed, its manifestations are apparent in Tunisia today. In this article, however, I only go back to the micro-foundations of France’s agricultural colonialism in the country. These micro-foundations are found in the writings of French colonists such as Robert Wastelier and Charles Géniaux, among many others.